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Chúa Nhật 32 Thường Niên Năm A

Thứ hai - 03/11/2014 12:25 | Đã xem: 1022
Thirty-Second Sunday in Ordinary Time – Cycle A
Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome
Memory Verse
"Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up."
John 2:19
Gospel (John 2:13-22)
13 Since the Passover of the Jews was near, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 He found in the temple area those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, as well as the money-changers seated there. 15 He made a whip out of cords and drove them all out of the temple area, with the sheep and oxen, and spilled the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables, 16 and to those who sold doves he said, “Take these out of here, and stop making my Father’s house a marketplace.” 17 His disciples recalled the words of scripture, “Zeal for your house will consume me.” 18 At this the Jews answered and said to him, “What sign can you show us for doing this?” 19 Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 The Jews said, “This temple has been under construction for forty-six years, and you will raise it up in three days?” 21 But he was speaking about the temple of his body. 22 Therefore, when he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they came to believe the scripture and the word Jesus had spoken.
Background on the Gospel Reading
The story of the cleansing of the Temple is found in all four Gospels. In Matthew, Mark, and Luke, Jesus is upset with the deceitful practices of the vendors and expels them for that reason. But in John, Jesus' authority is contrasted with the authority of the Temple cult and is a criticism of the cult itself. The story is composed of two parts, Jesus' action in the Temple and Jesus' predictions about the Temple's destruction. The time of year is the sacred feast of Passover. If the many pilgrims to Jerusalem during Passover were to have animals for the sacrificial rituals of the feast, it was necessary to sell cattle in the Temple and to change the unclean Roman money. By denouncing this, Jesus is cutting to the core of the Temple cult. The story is really about Jesus' fate, not the Temple's fate, revealing that Jesus, not the Temple, is the locus of God's presence on earth. As they often do in John, the Jews misunderstand Jesus' words. This gives John the chance to explicitly state his point. Although this is the beginning of his ministry, Jesus is already speaking of his coming death and Resurrection. John intentionally integrates a post-Resurrection perspective into the Gospel narrative. The statement that concludes this passage uses the fact of the Resurrection to prove the point of Jesus' words. Believers need to remember the words and actions of Jesus and claim them as affirmations of the truths of their faith. Christians sometimes point to Jesus' anger in this passage as a way to point out Jesus' humanity. But this would miss the powerful point of the entire Gospel, that the Word became flesh. The point is not that Jesus' anger proves he is human. It is that a human being, in his words and actions, can claim the authority of God.
Gospel Reflection
- This Sunday, we celebrate the dedication of the cathedral church in Rome, the Basilica of St. John Lateran. - Jesus wanted everyone to know that the Temple was his Father's house and that it was a place that should be treated with respect and used only for prayer. He knew that if people did not show respect for the Temple of God, they wouldn't show respect for one another. - We show respect for the house of God, the church, because we know that Jesus is present there. By showing respect for the church building, we are also showing respect for the Church, that is, the People of God, who gather in that building to worship God. - We visit the homes of famous people, not so much because we want to learn about the building, but because we want to learn about the person who once lived there. Buildings can often tell us a lot about people. This Sunday, we are celebrating the dedication of a building. It's called the Basilica of St. John Lateran, and it is in Rome. The reason it is so famous is because it is the cathedral church of the diocese of Rome. - It may seem as though we are celebrating a building at this Mass, but we are really celebrating the people who make this building special: the pope, who is the Bishop of Rome, and the People of God who gather there. - Jesus reminds us to respect the places where we gather to worship God so that we worship him with pure hearts and minds. - When the early Church set forth to carry the Gospel of Jesus to the world, it knew that it needed to go to Rome, the capital of the most influential political power at that time. It was in Rome that Peter, the first pope, was martyred. Rome became the center from which the pope, the Bishop of Rome, governed the Church. - Grandeur and beauty are important ways to honor God. But we are foremost a church of people, of believers. When we recall that the pope is also a bishop, a person responsible for leading his parish and diocese, we appreciate that the Body of Christ is made up of us all. In celebrating the dedication of the building, we are really celebrating the function of the space as the gathering place of the Church body. - Wherever we go, as Catholics, we can enter a Catholic church and call it our home, because it is a place where we gather as God's family. As we celebrate the Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, let's remember that we are called to live as members of the Body of Christ.


Please watch the following video clips:



Bible Quiz
1. What important building was Jesus visiting in this Gospel story?
2. What was it that Jesus felt did not belong in the Temple?
3. Whose “home” was the Temple?
4. How fast did Jesus say he could rebuild the Temple?
5. Was Jesus talking about Herod's Temple?







St. Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917)
Feast Day November 13

St. Frances Xavier Cabrini’s feast day is celebrated November 13. Mother Cabrini, as she’s commonly called, spent her whole life traveling. She hardly ever stopped, and travel was a lot harder in her day than it is in ours.

There wasn’t much in Mother Cabrini’s early life to point to such a busy grown-up life. She was born in Italy and had ten brothers and sisters. Her parents were farmers, and their farmland wasn’t too far from a river called the Po. Little Frances could look down into the valley and watch the river make its way to the sea.

When Frances was twenty years old she left the farm and started working as a teacher. During this time, Frances grew in faith and maturity. She took religious vows as a sister, worked hard to save a struggling orphanage, and decided to start her own religious order.

By the late 1880s, Mother Cabrini became interested in a new problem. Hundreds of thousands of Italians moved to America, seeking a way out of the poverty of their new land. Very few of these immigrants were successful right away. Most lived in worse poverty than they’d endured back in Italy. They lived in crowded and dirty apartments, lived on scraps, and were unable to find work. Sad stories traveled back to the home country, right to Mother Cabrini. So Mother Cabrini set out on the long trip to America.

Over the next thirty-seven years, Mother Cabrini was constantly on the move, starting schools, orphanages, and hospitals for Italian immigrants, and others in need. In the first few years she traveled between New York, Nicaragua, and New Orleans. After having a dream in which she saw Mary tending to the sick lying in hospital beds, Mother Cabrini started Columbus Hospital in New York City.

After she founded the hospital, Mother Cabrini made trips back to Italy to organize more nuns for work in America. Between these trips, she and some sisters headed south to Argentina. The sisters went by way of Panama and then Lima, Peru. They made the journey by boat, train, mule, and on foot.

Back in the United State, Mother Cabrini traveled constantly taking her sisters to Chicago, Seattle, and Denver. It was in Chicago that Mother Cabrini, at the age of sixty-seven, passed away. She’d begun her work with just a handful of sisters. By the time she died, fifty houses of sisters were teaching, caring for orphans, and running hospitals. Her order had grown to almost a thousand sisters in all.

Mother Cabrini was obviously a very holy woman, and the church recognized her holiness by canonizing her in 1946 as the first American citizen to become a saint.

Tác giả bài viết: Ban Truyền Thông



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